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dc.contributor.authorKamal, Miraal
dc.contributor.authorAtif, Manal
dc.contributor.authorMujahid, Hafsa
dc.contributor.authorShanableh, Tamer
dc.contributor.authorAl-Ali, Abdul-Rahman
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-04T08:29:26Z
dc.date.available2020-02-04T08:29:26Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationKamal, M.; Atif, M.; Mujahid, H.; Shanableh, T.; Al-Ali, A.R.; Al Nabulsi, A. IoT Based Smart City Bus Stops. Future Internet 2019, 11, 227en_US
dc.identifier.issn1999-5903
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11073/16591
dc.description.abstractThe advent of smart sensors, single system-on-chip computing devices, Internet of Things (IoT), and cloud computing is facilitating the design and development of smart devices and services. These include smart meters, smart street lightings, smart gas stations, smart parking lots, and smart bus stops. Countries in the Gulf region have hot and humid weather around 6–7 months of the year, which might lead to uncomfortable conditions for public commuters. Transportation authorities have made some major enhancements to existing bus stops by installing air-conditioning units, but without any remote monitoring and control features. This paper proposes a smart IoT-based environmentally - friendly enhanced design for existing bus stop services in the United Arab Emirates. The objective of the proposed design was to optimize energy consumption through estimating bus stop occupancy, remotely monitor air conditioning and lights, automatically report utility breakdowns, and measure the air pollution around the area. In order to accomplish this, bus stops will be equipped with a WiFi-Based standalone microcontroller connected to sensors and actuators. The microcontroller transmits the sensor readings to a real-time database hosted in the cloud and incorporates a mobile app that notifies operators or maintenance personnel in the case of abnormal readings or breakdowns. The mobile app encompasses a map interface enabling operators to remotely monitor the conditions of bus stops such as the temperature, humidity, estimated occupancy, and air pollution levels. In addition to presenting the system’s architecture and detailed design, a system prototype is built to test and validate the proposed solution.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipCollege of Engineeringen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipDepartment of Computer Science and Engineeringen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherMDPIen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAmerican University of Sharjah Student Worken_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/fi11110227en_US
dc.subjectInternet of Thingsen_US
dc.subjectIntelligent transportation systemsen_US
dc.subjectAir pollutionen_US
dc.subjectEnergy efficiencyen_US
dc.titleIoT Based Smart City Bus Stopsen_US
dc.typePeer-Revieweden_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.typePublished versionen_US


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