Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorTao, Wendong
dc.contributor.authorSauba, Keshav
dc.contributor.authorFattah, Kazi Parvez
dc.contributor.authorSmith, John R.
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-04T07:07:05Z
dc.date.available2018-11-04T07:07:05Z
dc.date.issued2017-03
dc.identifier.citationTao, Wendong, Keshav Sauba, Kazi Fattah, and John R. Smith. "Designing constructed wetlands for reclamation of pretreated wastewater and stormwater." Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol 16 (2017): 37-57. [Comment: 2015 IMPACT FACTOR - 4.352]en_US
dc.identifier.issn1572-9826
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11073/16298
dc.description.abstractWastewater reclamation is getting greater attention as an alternative to conventional approaches to wastewater treatment and water supply due to increasing water stress coupled with more stringent water quality limitation for discharge of treated wastewater. Among the few technologies adopted in the field for wastewater reclamation, constructed wetlands have been used to reclaim both primary and secondary treated wastewater in regions with arid and humid climates. This paper summarizes the widely adopted guidelines that need to be considered when designing constructed wetlands for wastewater reclamation, discusses the capacity of wetland treatment systems for water reuse while assessing the status of full-scale constructed wetlands designed for wastewater reclamation, and develops contaminant loading charts as a design tool based on the performance of existing full-scale constructed wetlands deployed for wastewater reclamation. It is evident that constructed wetland systems provide a viable means to treat wastewater to the levels required for low-quality reuses such as restricted irrigation and impoundment. It is challenging for constructed wetlands to consistently meet microbiological guidelines for high-quality reuses such as unrestricted agricultural and urban reuses. Wastewater reclaimed through constructed wetlands is used mainly for agricultural and landscape irrigation, groundwater recharge, indirect potable reuse, and environmental reuse. Surface area and hydraulic loading rate of constructed wetlands to be deployed for wastewater reclamation can be estimated with contaminant loading charts derived from monitoring data of existing full-scale operations.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherSpringeren_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesReviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technologyen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1007/s11157-016-9419-5en_US
dc.subjectFree water surface wetlanden_US
dc.subjectHorizontal subsurface flow wetlanden_US
dc.subjectMass loading rateen_US
dc.subjectVertical flow wetlanden_US
dc.subjectWastewater reclamationen_US
dc.subjectWater reuseen_US
dc.titleDesigning constructed wetlands for reclamation of pretreated wastewater and stormwateren_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record