Recent Submissions

  • Memory Effect of the Southern Atlantic Subtropical Dipole 

    Santis, Wlademir; Castellanos, Paola; Campos, Edmo (American Meteorological Society, 2020-08-04)
    The South Atlantic subtropical dipole is the dominant mode of coupled variability in the South Atlantic, connecting sea level pressure and sea surface temperature. Previous studies have shown its great relevance to the ...
  • Highly variable upper and abyssal overturning cells in the South Atlantic 

    Kersale, Marion; Meinen, Christopher S.; Perez, Renellys C.; Le Henaff, Matthieu; Valla, Daniel; Lamont, Tarron; Sato, Olga; Dong, Shenfu; Terre, Thierry; van Caspel, Mathias; Chidichimo, Maria Paz; van den Berg, Marcel; Speich, Sabrina; Piola, Alberto; Campos, Edmo; Ansorge, Isabelle; Volkov, Denis; Lumpkin, Rick; Garzoli, Silvia (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2020-08-05)
    The Meridional Overturning Circulation (MOC) is a primary mechanism driving oceanic heat redistribution on Earth, thereby affecting Earth's climate and weather. However, the full-depth structure and variability of the MOC ...
  • On the dot product graph of a commutative ring II 

    Abdulla, Mohammad Ahmad; Badawi, Ayman (International Electronic Journal of Algebra, 2020)
    In 2015, the second-named author introduced the dot product graph associated to a commutative ring A. Let A be a commutative ring with nonzero identity, 1 ≤ n < ∞ be an integer, and R = A × A × · · · × A (n times). We ...
  • Development and Characterization of Novel Composite and Flexible Electrode Based on Titanium Dioxide 

    Alatoom, Aseel Dirar; Al-Othman, Amani; Al-Nashash, Hasan; Al-Sayah, Mohammad (IEEE, 2020-06-11)
    Flexible implantable bioelectrodes have the potential to advance neural sensing and muscle stimulation, especially in peripheral nerve injuries. In such cases, the application of electrical stimulation to muscles prevents ...
  • Anti-bacterial self-assembled nanotubes of cyclic d, l-alpha-peptides 

    Al-Sayah, Mohammad; Ghadiri, M. Reza (AIP Publishing, 2007)
    Cyclic D, L‐α‐peptides can be designed to spontaneously partition into lipid and cell membranes where they self‐assemble into membrane‐permeating nanotubes and result in disruption of membrane potentials leading to rapid ...
  • Stability and bifurcation analysis of a discrete-time predator-prey model with strong Allee effect 

    Al-Sharawi, Ziyad; Pal, Saheb; Rana, Sourav; Pal, Nikhil; Chattopadhyay, Joydev (Taylor & Francis, 2020-03-16)
    In this paper, we investigate the impact of Allee effect on the stability of a discrete-time predator-prey model with a non-monotonic functional response. The proposed model supports the coexistence of two steady states, ...
  • The effect of maps permutation on the global attractor of a periodic Beverton-Holt model 

    Al-Ghassani, Asma; Al-Sharawi, Ziyad (Elsevier, 2020-04-01)
    Consider a p-periodic difference equation xn+1 = fn(xn) with a global attractor. How does a permutation [fσ(p−1), . . . , fσ(1), fσ(0)] of the maps affect the global attractor? In this paper, we limit this general question ...
  • The impact of constant effort harvesting on the dynamics of a discrete-time contest competition model 

    Al-Sharawi, Ziyad; Amleh, Amal (Wiley, 2017)
    In this paper, we study a general discrete–time model representing the dynamics of a contest competition species with constant effort exploitation. In particular, we consider the difference equation xn+1 = xnf(xn−k) − hxn ...
  • Advances in periodic difference equations with open problems 

    Al-Sharawi, Ziyad; Cánovas, Jose; Linero, Antonio (Springer, 2014)
    In this paper, we review some recent results on the dynamics of semi-dynamical systems generated by the iteration of a periodic sequence of continuous maps. In particular, we state several open problems focused on the ...
  • Folding and unfolding in periodic difference equations 

    Al-Sharawi, Ziyad; Cánovas, Jose; Linero, Antonio (Elseiver, 2014)
    Given a p-periodic difference equation xn+1 = fn mod p(xn), where each fj is a continuous interval map, j = 0, 1, . . . , p − 1, we discuss the notion of folding and unfolding related to this type of non-autonomous equations. ...
  • Uptake of Chromium by Portulaca Oleracea from Soil: Effects of Organic Content, pH, and Sulphate Concentration 

    Alyazouri, Ayman; Jewsbury, Roger; Tayim, Hassan; Humphreys, Paul; Al-Sayah, Mohammad (Hindawi, 2020)
    Phytoextraction is an effective and environment-friendly approach for remediation of soil polluted with toxic metals. Portulaca oleracea is a potential hyperaccumulator of Cr(VI) from polluted soil. In this study, the ...
  • Harvesting and stocking in discrete-time contest competition models with open problems and conjectures 

    Al-Sharawi, Ziyad; Amleh, Amal (Palestine Polytechnic University, 2016)
    In this survey, we present a class of first and second-order difference equations representing general form of discrete models arising from single-species with contest competition. Then, we consider various harvesting/stocking ...
  • The dynamics of some discrete models with delay under the effect of constant yield harvesting 

    Abu-Saris, Raghib; Al-Sharawi, Ziyad; Rhouma, Mohamed Ben Haj (Elsevier, 2013)
    In this paper, we study the dynamics of population models of the form xn+1 = xnf(xn−1) under the effect of constant yield harvesting. Results concerning stability, boundedness, persistence and oscillations of solutions are ...
  • The solution of a recursive sequence arising from a combinatorial problem in botanical epidemiology 

    Al-Sharawi, Ziyad; Burstein, Alexander; Deadman, Michael; Umar, Abdullahi (Taylor & Francis, 2013)
    One of the central problems in botanical epidemiology is whether disease spreads within crops in a regular pattern or follows a random process. In this paper, we consider a row of n plants in which m are infected. We then ...
  • A new characterization of periodic oscillations in periodic difference equations 

    Al-Salman, Ahmad; Al-Sharawi, Ziyad (Elsevier, 2011-11)
    In this paper, we characterize periodic solutions of p-periodic difference equations. We classify the periods into multiples of p and nonmultiples of p. We show that the elements of the set of multiples of p follow the ...
  • Freshwater budget in the Persian (Arabian) Gulf and exchanges at the Strait of Hormuz 

    Campos, Edmo; Gordon, Arnold L.; Kjerfve, Bjorn; Vieira, Filipe; Cavalcante, Geórgenes H. (PLOS, 2020-05-29)
    Excess evaporation within the Persian (also referred as the Arabian) Gulf induces an inverse-estuary circulation. Surface waters are imported, via the Strait of Hormuz, while saltier waters are exported in the deeper layers. ...
  • Cyclic Sequential Removal of Alizarin Red S Dye and Cr(VI) Ions Using Wool as a Low-Cost Adsorbent 

    Khamis, Mustafa; Ibrahim, Taleb; Jumean, Fawwaz; Sara, Ziad; Atallah, Baraa (MDPI, 2020)
    Alizarin red S (ARS) removal from wastewater using sheep wool as adsorbent was investigated. The influence of contact time, pH, adsorbent dosage, initial ARS concentration and temperature was studied. Optimum values were: ...
  • Periodic Orbits in Periodic Discrete Dynamics 

    Al-Sharawi, Ziyad (Elsevier, 2008)
    We study the combinatorial structure of periodic orbits of nonautonomous difference equations 𝒳ₙ₊₁ = 𝒇ₙ(𝒳ₙ) in a periodically fluctuating environment. We define the Ӷ-set to be the set of minimal periods that are not ...
  • An Extension of Sharkovsy’s Theorem to Periodic Difference Equations 

    Al-Sharawi, Ziyad; Angelos, James; Elaydi, Saber; Rakesh, Leela (Elsevier, 2006)
    We present an extension of Sharkovsky’s Theorem and its converse to periodic difference equations. In addition, we provide a simple method for constructing a p-periodic difference equation having an r-periodic geometric ...
  • Existence and stability of periodic orbits of periodic difference equations with delays 

    Al-Sharawi, Ziyad; Angelos, James; Elaydi, Saber (World Scientific Publishing, 2008)
    In this paper, we investigate the existence and stability of periodic orbits of the p-periodic difference equation with delays xₙ = f(n - 1, xₙ₋ₖ). We show that the periodic orbits of this equation depend on the periodic ...

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