A poster submitted in ENG 207 for the Fall 2016 semester.
Water extraction, treatment and distribution accounts for 8% of global energy consumption. Which can be estimated as ∼7MJ/m3. The main factors affecting solar desalination plant feasibility are technology maturity, economics and environmental impact.Solar desalination is applicable in arid regions where, solar resource abundance and saline water availability are observed to coincide. Desalination systems remove salts from saline water using one of the following processes: Phase change processes (MSF) , Pressure-driven membrane processes (RO). Large scale desalination has been undertaken using methods such as MSF and MEB, but since about 2003, RO has become dominant. How can solar desalination using Reverse Osmosis and Multi-Stage Flash Desalination be optimized for production of potable water?